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Is anti-war activism on the wane? What can revive it?
May 2012

Reports from Palestine
Oct-Nov 2010

Earth Day in Israel: Apartheid Showing through the Greenwash
April 23, 2010

Occupied Washington, DC
March 30, 2010

AIPAC: Telling a Whopper
March 27, 2010

Questioning Our Special Relationship with Israel
Feb 13, 2010

Assedio di Gaza: Rompere l'indifferenza
Dec 2009

My Memories of Fort Hood
Nov 9, 2009

Italy's Fallen Soldiers
Sept 23, 2009

Yes We Camp
July 10, 2009

Absurdity is the Norm in the Gaza Strip
June 10, 2009

Il pacchetto di sicurezza viola i diritti umani
March 2009

U.S. Military Base in Vicenza, Italy Gets Final Approval
February 2009

“Unofficial” Referendum in Vicenza, Italy:
95% Opposed to New U.S. Military Base

Oct 2008

Mat and Yvonne Say: No Dal Molin
Sept 2008

U.S. Military Interests Reign Supreme in Italy
July 2008

Italian Court Blocks Construction of U.S. Military Base
June 2008

Movimenti contro le basi militari negli USA
May 2008

As Italy's elections go from bad to worse, Vicenza remains the silver lining
April 2008

What Do You Know About the U.S. Base Camp Darby?
Feb 2008

Tired of Promises, Vicenza, Italy Demands Action Against New U.S. Military Base
Dec 9, 2007

Not Your Ordinary 4th of July in Vicenza, Italy
Or How To Get Kicked Off a U.S. Military Base

July 4, 2007

Italian Women Opposing New U.S. Military Base Lobby Capitol Hill
May 11, 2007

No Peace or Justice: America's plans to Expand a US Military Base in Vicenza, Italy
March 2007

Anti War March in DC
Jan 27, 2007

March for Palestine
Nov 18, 2006

Travel Advisory
Oct 17, 2006

Letters from Camp Casey
Aug-Sept 2006

Don't Iraq Iran
May 18, 2006

Italian National Assembly of the Anti-War Movement
Feb 11-12, 2006

International Peace Conference in London
Dec 10, 2005

Concert in memoriam in Rome: Marla Ruzicka and the victims of war
July 9, 2005


Note: Opinions or points of view expressed are those of the author(s) and do not necessarily reflect the position of USC4P&J


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Travel Advisory for Visitors to the United States

As U.S. citizens, October 17, 2006 will be remembered as a dark day in our nation's history, the day George W. Bush signed the Military Commissions Act of 2006. The new law, authorized by Congress (on yet another dark day), gives the president unprecedented powers to imprison anyone he considers an "unlawful enemy combatant" and to try those so labeled via military commissions.

The signing of this bill into law raises the question: does the Italian Ministry of Foreign Affairs plan to issue a travel advisory for its citizens traveling to the United States? If so, such an advisory should explain that it will be the president who decides, according to a vague and ambiguous definition, who should be labeled as an "unlawful enemy combatant." This definition includes not only those who are "engaged in hostilities against the United States or its co-belligerents," but also those who "purposefully and materially support" hostilities. The evidence used to make such a determination may remain classified.

The travel advisory should emphasize that non-U.S. citizens labeled as "unlawful enemy combatants" may be arrested and imprisoned indefinitely without charge. In fact, the new law eliminates the right of habeas corpus, the right of detainees to challenge their imprisonment in court.

According to the terms of this law, if and when a prisoner is tried, it will be via a military commission convened by the Secretary of Defense or other military official and composed of a military judge, prosecutor and defense attorneys. The detainee will not benefit from legal protections considered essential by international standards. Evidence may be kept secret from the detainee and the military commissions may allow evidence obtained through methods most would consider torture. The approved "interrogation techniques" will be decided by the president and will not be made public. In addition, the right to appeal has been all but eliminated and any appeal based on the Geneva Conventions will be denied.

And finally, the advisory should remind travelers that in January of 2006, Kellogg, Brown & Root, a Halliburton subsidiary, won a $385 million contract to build detention centers in undisclosed locations within the United States to be used, as stated in a company press release, for the "rapid development of new programs."

Stephanie Westbrook
U.S. Citizens for Peace & Justice – Rome


Avviso per i viaggiatori diretti verso gli Stati Uniti

Per noi cittadini statunitensi, il giorno 17 ottobre 2006 verrà ricordato come un giorno nero nella storia del nostro paese, il giorno in cui il presidente George W. Bush ha firmato il Military Commissions Act of 2006. Questa nuova legge, autorizzata dal Congresso (altro giorno nero ...), conferisce poteri senza precedenti al presidente per imprigionare chiunque egli dovesse ritenere un "combattente nemico illegale" e processarlo attraverso commissioni militari.

In conseguenza di questa legge, ci si chiede se il Ministero degli Esteri italiano ha in programma di diramare un avviso per i cittadini italiani che intendono recarsi negli Stati Uniti. Tale avviso dovrebbe spiegare che la nuova legge lascia al presidente decidere, secondo una definizione vaga ed ambigua, chi è un "combattente nemico illegale". Questa definizione comprende non solo chi si è impegnato in atti ostili contro gli Stati Uniti o i suoi co-belligeranti, ma anche chi intenzionalmente e materialmente sostiene tali ostilità. Le prove al riguardo non devono essere rese pubbliche.

L'avviso dovrebbe sottolineare che i cittadini non statunitensi definiti come "combattenti nemici illegali" potrebbero essere arrestati, anche senza capi d'accusa, e imprigionati a tempo indeterminato. La nuova legge, infatti, elimina il diritto all'habeas corpus, ossia il diritto di contestare i motivi della propria detenzione davanti a un tribunale civile.

Secondo i termini di questa legge, se e quando il detenuto viene processato ciò sarà attraverso una commissione militare istituita dal Ministro della Difesa o da altro ufficiale militare e sarà composta di giudici e avvocati militari. Il detenuto non godrà delle protezioni legali riconosciute come fondamentali nei paesi civili. Può non essere informato delle prove contro di sé e sono ammissibili anche le prove ottenute con metodi ritenuti equivalenti alla tortura. Le "tecniche di interrogatorio" applicabili verranno decise da Bush e non saranno rese pubbliche. Inoltre, la possibilità di ricorrere in appello è stata quasi del tutto eliminata, e gli appelli che si basano sulle Convenzioni di Ginevra veranno respinti.

Infine, l'avviso dovrebbe ricordare ai viaggiatori che nel gennaio del 2006 la Kellogg, Brown & Root, filiale del gruppo Halliburton, ha vinto un contratto per 385 milioni di dollari per costruire negli Stati Uniti centri di detenzione, le cui località non sono state rivelate, da utlizzare, come si legge in un comunicato stampa della KBR, per "lo sviluppo rapido di nuovi programmi".

Stephanie Westbrook
Statunitensi per la pace e la giustizia - Roma

 

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Iraq Deaths Estimator
Did someone tell you that U.S. military intervention in Iraq was over? Not true: we're at it again. This time the pretext to drop bombs is "curbing ISIS" (which was created by the U.S. in the first place, to overturn al-Malaki in Iraq and then Assad in Syria, and is now out of hand. Like what happened to "our" creature al Qaeda in Afghanistan). And the death toll continues to rise...
Write your senators and tell them: "Enough! U.S. out!! Iraq has shown it can curb ISIS by itself!"

Copyright © 2006 Stephanie Westbrook  All rights reserved.
U.S. Citizens for Peace & Justice - Rome, Italy